• Mel

Hablando de género

Yoga implica consciencia, también emancipación.



Aquí compartimos la lista de los géneros reconocidos actualmente. Esta lista está en movimiento perpetuo, no está fija. Me parece importante estar actualizadxs al de los términos que buscan definirse a unx mismx con más libertad de la normatividad, con la posibilidad justamente de la indefinición.


Cuando hablamos de género, es importante distinguir tres dimensiones:

1- la expresión del género,

2-la preferencia sexual

3- la identidad de género.


La siguiente lista de los distintos términos permite identificar alguna identidad de género, se encuentra en inglés. La referencia se ubica al final del artículo.


1-AFAB Acronym meaning “assigned female at birth.”

2-Agender Someone who doesn’t identify with the idea or experience of having a gender.

3-Aliagender A nonbinary gender identity that doesn’t fit into existing gender schemas or constructs.

4-AMAB Acronym meaning “assigned male at birth.”

5-Androgyne Someone who has a gender presentation or identity that’s gender-neutral, androgynous, or has both masculine and feminine characteristics.

6-Aporagender Both an umbrella term and nonbinary gender identity describing the experience of having a specific gender that’s different from man, woman, or any combination of the two.

7-Bigender This term describes someone who identifies with two distinct genders. Bigender indicates the number of gender identities someone has. It doesn’t indicate which genders someone identifies with or the level of identification they have with a particular gender (such as 50 percent male, 50 percent demigirl). 8-Boi A term, primarily used in LGBTQIA+ Communities of Color, that typically describes someone who has a presentation, sexuality, or gender that’s considered “boyish.”

9-Butch Primarily used in LGBTQIA+ communities, this term typically describes someone with a presentation, sexuality, or gender that’s considered masculine. Butch doesn’t necessarily indicate the other terms that someone might use to describe their presentation, sexuality, or gender.

10-Cisgender A term used to describe people who exclusively identify with the sex and gender they were assigned at birth.

11-Cishet A term that refers to someone who is both cisgender and heterosexual.

12-Demiboy

This nonbinary gender identity describes someone who partially identifies with being a boy, man, or masculine. The term demiboy tells you about someone’s gender identity but doesn’t convey any information about the sex or gender assigned to someone at birth.A demiboy can be cisgender or trans.

13-Demigender This umbrella term typically includes nonbinary gender identities and uses the prefix “demi-” to indicate the experience of having a partial identification or connection to a particular gender. This may include: demigirl

  1. demiboy

  2. demienby

  3. demitrans

14-Demigirl This nonbinary gender identity describes someone who partially identifies with being a girl, woman, womxn, or feminine. The term demigirl tells you about someone’s gender identity but doesn’t convey any information about the sex or gender assigned to someone at birth. A demigirl can be cisgender or trans.

15-Dyadic This describes people who have sex characteristics — such as chromosomes, hormones, internal organs, or anatomy — that can be easily categorized into the binary sex framework of male or female. Dyadic conveys information about someone’s sex characteristics but doesn’t indicate anything about their gender.

16-Feminine-of-center

This describes people who experience their gender as feminine or femme.Some feminine-of-center people also identify with the word “woman,” but others don’t. The term feminine-of-center tells you about someone’s gender identity but doesn’t convey any information about the sex or gender assigned to them at birth.

17-Feminine-presenting

This describes people who have a gender expression or presentation that they or others categorize as feminine.Feminine-presenting is a term that captures the part of someone’s gender that’s shown externally, either through aspects of their style, appearance, physical traits, mannerisms, or body language.This term doesn’t necessarily indicate anything about the way someone identifies their gender or the gender or sex assigned to them at birth.

18-Femme

This is a label for a gender identity or expression that describes someone with a gender that is or leans toward feminine.Some femmes also identify with the term “woman,” while many others don’t.Femme indicates the way someone experiences or expresses their gender and doesn’t provide any information about the gender or sex assigned to them at birth.

19-Female-to-male (FTM)

This term is most commonly used to refer to trans males, trans men, and some transmasculine people who were assigned female at birth.It’s important to only use this term if someone wants to be referred to this way, as some trans men and transmasculine people use terms that don’t include or indicate the sex they were assigned at birth.

20-Gender apathetic

This term describes someone who doesn’t strongly identify with any gender or with any gender labels.Some gender apathetic people also use terms that indicate their relationship with the sex or gender assigned to them at birth — such as cis apathetic or trans apathetic — while others don’t.Generally, people who are gender apathetic display an attitude of flexibility, openness, and “not caring” about how gender identity or presentation is perceived and labeled by others.

21-Gender expansive

An umbrella term that’s used to refer to people who subvert or don’t conform to society’s dominant view of gender.This could include trans people, nonbinary people, people who are gender nonconforming, and more.

22-Gender questioning

A person who’s questioning one or multiple aspects of their gender, such as their gender identity or expression.

23-Gender variant

Similar to gender nonconforming, gender variant is an umbrella term used to describe people with a gender identity, expression, or presentation that’s different from the perceived social norm or dominant group.Some people dislike this term because of its potential to perpetuate misinformation and negative stigma about noncisgender gender identities and nonconforming presentation being less “normal” or naturally occurring.

24-Gender fluid

This label is used to describe gender identity or expression.It involves the experience of moving between genders or having a gender that changes over a particular period of time. For example, from moment to moment, day to day, month to month, year to year, or decade to decade.

25-Genderqueer

This nonbinary gender identity and term describes someone with a gender that can’t be categorized as exclusively man or woman, or exclusively masculine or feminine.People who are genderqueer experience and express gender in different ways. This can include neither, both, or a combination of man, woman, or nonbinary genders.

26-Gendervoid

A term that describes someone without a gender identity. Although it’s similar to agender, gendervoid is usually associated with a feeling of loss or lack.

27-Graygender

A gender term that describes someone who experiences ambivalence about gender identity or expression, and doesn’t fully identify with a binary gender that’s exclusively man or woman.

28-Intergender

A nonbinary gender identity that describes the experience of having a gender that falls somewhere in between woman and man or is a mix of both man and woman.

29-Intersex

An umbrella term that describes people who have sex characteristics — such as chromosomes, internal organs, hormones, or anatomy — that can’t be easily categorized into the binary sex framework of male or female.Intersex conveys information about a person’s sex characteristics but doesn’t indicate anything about their gender identity.

30-Masculine-of-center

This term describes people who experience their gender as masculine or masc.

Some masculine-of-center people also identify with the word “man,” but many others don’t.The term masculine-of-center tells you about someone’s gender identity but doesn’t convey any information about the sex or gender assigned to them at birth.

31-Masculine-presenting

This term describes people who have a gender expression or presentation that they or others categorize as masculine.Masculine-presenting captures the part of someone’s gender that’s shown externally, either through aspects of their style, appearance, physical traits, mannerisms, or body language.This term doesn’t necessarily indicate anything about the way someone identifies their gender or the gender or sex assigned to them.

32-Maverique

This nonbinary gender identity emphasizes the inner experience of gender.It describes those who experience gender or have a core gender identity that’s independent of existing categories and definitions of gender, man or woman, masculine or feminine, and androgynous or neutral.

33-Male-to-female (MTF)

This term is most commonly used to refer to trans women and some transfeminine people who were assigned male at birth.It’s important to only use this term if someone prefers to be referred to this way, as some trans women and some transfeminine people prefer to use terms that don’t include or overtly indicate the sex they were assigned at birth.

34-Multi-gender

This umbrella term is used to describe people who experience more than one gender identity.Other gender labels that fall under the multi-gender umbrella include:

  1. bigender

  2. trigender

  3. pangender

  4. polygender

  5. In some cases, gender fluid may also fall under this umbrella.

35-Neutrois

This nonbinary identity and umbrella term is used to describe people who have a gender that isn’t exclusively man or woman.Neutrois can be a broader term encompassing other gender identities, such as nonbinary, agender, genderfluid, or genderless.

36-Nonbinary

Also referred to as “enby,” this is a gender identity and umbrella term for gender identities that can’t be exclusively categorized as man or woman.Individuals who are nonbinary can experience gender a variety of ways, including a combination of man and woman, neither man nor woman, or something else altogether.Some nonbinary individuals are trans, while many others don’t.Whether a nonbinary person is also trans typically depends on the extent to which that person identifies, even partially, with the sex and gender assigned to them at birth.

37-Novigender

People who use this gender identity experience having a gender that can’t be described using existing language due to its complex and unique nature.

38-Omnigender

A nonbinary gender identity that describes people who experience all or many gender identities on the gender spectrum simultaneously or over time. Similar to pangender.

39-Pangender

A nonbinary gender identity that describes people who experience all or many gender identities on the gender spectrum simultaneously or over time. Similar to omnigender.

40-Polygender

This gender identity term describes the experience of having multiple gender identities simultaneously or over time.This term indicates the number of gender identities someone experiences but doesn’t necessarily indicate which genders are included in the given person’s polygender identity.


41-Soft butch

Both a gender identity and term used to describe the nonconforming gender expression of someone who has some masculine or butch traits, but doesn’t fully fit the stereotypes associated with masculine or butch cisgender lesbians.

42-Stone butch

Both a gender identity and term used to describe the nonconforming gender expression of someone who embodies traits associated with feminine butchness or stereotypes associated with traditional masculinity.

43-Third gender

Originating in non-Western and Indigenous cultures, third gender is a gender category that includes people who have a gender that can’t be exclusively categorized as man or woman, or is different from man or woman.

44-Transfeminine

A gender identity label that conveys the experience of having a feminine gender identity that’s different from the gender or sex that was assigned at birth.

45-Transgender or trans

Both an umbrella term including many gender identities and a specific gender identity that describes those with a gender identity that’s different from the gender or sex assigned at birth.

46-Transmasculine

A gender identity label that conveys the experience of having a masculine gender identity that’s different than the gender or sex that was assigned at birth.

47-Transsexual

Falling under the transgender umbrella, transsexual is a word that was medically and historically used to indicate a difference between one’s gender identity (i.e., the internal experience of gender) and sex assigned at birth (as male, female, or intersex).

Transsexual is often (though not always) used to communicate that one’s experience of gender involves a medical diagnosis or medical changes — such as hormones or surgery — that help alter anatomy and appearance to feel more congruent with gender identity.

Due to a fraught history, the word transsexual can be contentious and shouldn’t be used unless someone specifically asks to be referred to this way.

48-Trigender

This gender identity describes the experience of having three gender identities, simultaneously or over time.

This term indicates the number of gender identities someone experiences but doesn’t necessarily indicate which genders are included in a given person’s trigender identity.

49-Two-spirit

This umbrella term was created by Native American communities to bring traditional Indigenous understandings of gender and sexuality into Western and contemporary native education and literature.

Each First Nation tribe has its own understanding and meaning of what it means to be two-spirit, so this term can have many definitions.

Two-spirit generally refers to a gender role believed to be a common, acknowledged, accepted, and praised gender classification among most First Nation communities, dating back centuries.


En este artículo encontrarás también todos los términos que describen el campo de los estudios y las acciones de género.

https://www.healthline.com/health/different-genders#e-h


Abonemos a la reflexión. Pueden aportar su reflexión por el Canal de Telegram de Vinyasa Yoga Justine Time 2022, un canal abierto.


Namaste





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